Research Roundup

May 2018 Issue

Research Roundup: May 2018

Gardening Benefits Cancer Survivors. Home gardening may increase physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and feelings of self-worth in cancer survivors. In a study of 42 cancer survivors age 60 or older, half participated in a year-long gardening program, where master gardeners helped them create home gardens, and half were placed on a waiting list for the program. At the study’s end, gardeners ate an average of one more fruit or vegetable per day than waitlisters, gained fewer centimeters around the waist, and had lower blood markers of stress.

(Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, January 2018)

Weight Loss Leads to Diabetes Remission. Weight loss maintained at least a year may put type 2 diabetes into remission. In the study, which included 298 adults aged 20-65 years diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the past six years, participants were weaned off antidiabetic medications and put on a low-calorie formula diet for three to five months, then food for two to eight weeks. Nearly a quarter of this group maintained at least a 33-pound weight loss after a year, compared to none in the control group, and nearly half was in diabetes remission compared to only four percent of the control group.

(The Lancet, December 2017)

Fruit, Tomatoes May Protect Lungs. Increased intake of tomatoes and fruit can slow natural decline in lung function. Diet and lung function of more than 650 adults was assessed in 2002 and 10 years later. Compared to those who ate less than one tomato or fruit per day, those who averaged more than two tomatoes or three fruits had a slower lung function decline. Lung function even improved among smokers and former smokers with the highest tomato and fruit consumption.

(European Respiratory Journal, December 2017)