Research Roundup

November 2015 Issue

Research Roundup: November 2015

Less Healthy Fare in Restaurants, too. Restaurant fare can be just as unhealthful as fast food items, according to a study of 18,000 Americans. While people who dined at full-service restaurants consumed more vitamins, minerals, and omega-3s than their fast-food eating counterparts, they also took in 412 milligrams (mg) more sodium, 58 mg more cholesterol, 10 grams more fat, and 200 more calories per day than those who ate at home. Fat and calorie intakes of fast food diners were similar to restaurant diners, but they consumed 300 mg more sodium and 10 mg more cholesterol than those who ate at home.

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, July 2015

• No Cancer Risk from Rice. Despite recent concerns regarding arsenic levels in U.S. rice, long-term consumption is not associated with increased cancer risk. A new study, which evaluated data of 45,231 men and 160,408 women from the Nurses' Health Study, the Nurses' Health Study II, and the male Health Professionals Follow-up Study, found that compared to participants who ate less than one serving of rice per week, there was no increased risk for individuals who ate at least 5 servings per week.

International Journal of Cancer, July 2015

• Spicy Food Linked with Longevity. Based on data from 500,000 individuals in China, those who ate spicy food 1-2 times or 3-7 times per week had 10 percent and 14 percent reduced risk of death, respectively, compared to those rarely ate it. Frequent consumption of spicy food was linked to lower risk of death from specific conditions, such as cancer, ischemic heart and respiratory diseases.

The BMJ, August, 2015