Features

August 2017 Issue




Get to Know Tofu Today

Learn to love this nutrient-rich, traditional food rich in plant protein.

While a relatively new food on this side of the Pacific, tofu has been a dietary staple in Asia for centuries. Made from boiled, curdled, and pressed soybean milk, “the cheese of Asia” first originated in China and then spread to places like Korea and Japan courtesy of Buddhist monks. While the wobbly blocks were once loathed by most Americans as health food gone wrong, the dislike for tofu has generally eroded as people warm up to the fact that it’s an inexpensive and versatile source of plant protein with other nutritional virtues.

detiled tofu

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From silken to extra-firm, tofu is a versatile ingredient in your kitchen.

Healthy Tofu

For starters, studies have linked consumption of soy foods like tofu with health benefits, including lowering blood pressure, improving cholesterol numbers, and potentially lessening the risk of certain cancers like breast, ovarian, endometrial, gastric, and prostate. “Plant compounds called isoflavones, as well as something specific about soy protein itself, are behind many of soy’s health-boosting powers,” says Virginia Messina, MPH, RD, a plant-based nutrition expert.

Because the coagulants used during production are high in either magnesium (in nigari tofu) or calcium, Messina says that tofu supplies good amounts of these minerals. “Studies show that calcium absorption from tofu is comparable to that from cow’s milk,” she adds. A block of tofu also offers up a range of other essential minerals, including iron, phosphorus, manganese and selenium, not to mention alpha-linolenic acid, the essential omega-3 fatty acid. And since tofu is considered a complete protein, Messina says it has all the essential amino acids that we require for tasks such as building muscles.

There is a growing body of evidence that eating more plant protein including tofu at the expense of animal protein does a body good. Case in point: A 2017 British Journal of Nutrition study found that higher consumption of plant protein can be protective against diabetes, whereas liberal intakes of meat raises the risk.

Tofu Cooking Guide

TOFU TYPE DESCRIPTION COOKING TIPS
FIRM Comes in extra-firm, firm and medium-firm blocks usually sold in water-packed containers. When you need tofu to hold its form, such as grilling or stirfrying, use firm or extra-firm. Try medium-firm for dishes with less handling like broiling. Use in stir-fries, grain bowls, kebabs, spring rolls, and chili. Grate pressed extra-firm tofu on large holes of box grater and use in tacos, lasagna, veggie burgers, and vegan sloppy joes.
SOFT This type is pressed for less time, giving it a higher water content and velvety texture. Best drained and blotted dry with paper towel, not pressed. Use in miso and other brothy soups and stews, curries, and tofu scramble, or batter and pan-fry.
SILKEN For this product, soymilk is coagulated without curdling, and the tofu is left unpressed so it retains high amounts of moisture and has a silky texture. Soft silken tofu is more delicate than firm or extrafirm silken tofu. Blend silken soft tofu into smoothies, puddings, vegan Caesar or ranch salad dressing, pancake batter. Some use it as an egg replacement in baking and instead of cream in soups. Try silken firm or extra-firm tofu in soups like pho.
BAKED This is a dense block of extra-firm tofu, which is flavorful and meaty in texture, with flavors such as teriyaki and savory. No prep is required; it can go from package to plate. Slice into salads, sandwiches, tacos, and fried rice.

Building Blocks

Another perk of the bean curd is that it can find a home in many different recipes, from curries to smoothies, because of two distinctive features: first, it’s relatively bland on its own and doesn’t compete with other flavors in recipes, and, second, it’s also porous, which allows it to absorb surrounding flavors. While most genetically modified soy is used for livestock feed or in highly processed foods, if you want to be sure that you’re using non-GMO tofu look for brands that are certified organic.

Tofu is available in a variety of textures, each with a different purpose in the kitchen. Before use, a block of medium to extra-firm tofu should be pressed between dishtowels or paper towels to remove excess moisture and make it firmer, which enhances its ability to absorb flavors like marinades.

Pesto Stuffed Tofu

Pesto stuffed tofu

Ingredients:
- 1 package (15 oz) extra-firm tof
- Pinch salt - tsp chili powder
- tsp black pepper
- 1 Tbsp vegetable oil
- 3 Tbsp prepared pesto

Directions:

1. Line a cutting board with paper towels. Top with tofu and paper towel. Press gently to extract excess liquid. Slice tofu along its width into 2 slabs, then cut each slab in half. Season with salt, chili powder, and black pepper.
2. Heat oil in a skillet over medium-high heat. Add tofu to pan and cook until golden and crispy, about 3 minutes. Turn and cook the other side for 3 minutes.
3. Spread pesto on two pieces of tofu and top with remaining tofu.

Makes two servings

Nutrition Information Per Serving: 446 calories, 34 grams (g) fat, 5 g saturated fat, 7 g carbohydrate, 28 g protein, 2 g dietary fiber, 196